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Unmasking Acne – What, Why & How to Treat Acne for Blemish-Free Skin

Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, but it most often affects teenagers and young adults. We are going to dive into what acne is, the types of acne, the causes, and most importantly, acne treatment options to get back to healthy, unblemished skin! 

What is Acne? 

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. When hair follicles become clogged, it leads to the formation of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. A variety of factors are considered when it comes to the development of acne, including hormonal changes, genetics, diet, and lifestyle. 

Types of Acne: 

  • Whiteheads and Blackheads: These are non-inflammatory acne lesions that develop due to blocked pores. Whiteheads are closed; blackheads are open and exposed to air, which leads to a chemical process that causes a dark appearance. 

  • Papules and Pustules: Papules and pustules are inflammatory acne lesions that occur as red, tender bumps (papules) or filled with fluid (pustules). 

  • Nodules and Cysts: Severe forms of acne that involve deep, painful lumps (nodules) or fluid-filled sacs beneath the skin's surface (cysts). 

Causes of Acne: 

  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones, especially during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can trigger acne. 

  • Genetics: A family history may increase one’s chance of developing acne. 

  • Diet: Certain foods, such as dairy and high-glycemic-index foods, may contribute to acne in some individuals. 

  • Lifestyle Factors: Stress, lack of sleep, and exposure to environmental pollutants can worsen acne. 

Effective Acne Medication & Acne Treatments: 

  • Topical Treatments: Over the counter and prescription creams, gels, or lotions containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids can help reduce acne. 

  • Oral Prescription Medications: Antibiotics, hormonal medications (such as birth control pills and Spironolactone), and Isotretinoin may be prescribed for more severe cases. 

  • Professional Procedures: Dermatological procedures like chemical peels, laser therapy, and extraction of acne can be effective treatments as well. 

Skincare Tips for Acne-Prone Skin: 

  • Gentle Cleansing: Use a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser to clean the skin without over-drying.  

  • Moisturize: Even oily skin needs hydration. Choose oil-free, non-comedogenic moisturizers.  

  • Sun Protection: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 to prevent UV damage and protect sensitive skin.  

  • Hands Off: Avoid picking, squeezing, or popping acne lesions, as this can worsen inflammation and result in scarring. 

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, stay hydrated, manage stress, and get enough sleep to support overall skin health. 


Favorite Skincare Products for Acne Treatment

Ask us about our favorite skin care products for acne!  We carry LaRoche Posay, Cerave and Epionce.  We can help you find the best fit for your skin. 

Acne can be challenging, but with the right diagnosis and treatment plan, clear and healthy skin is within reach! Every person’s skin is unique, so it can take some trial and error to find the most effective treatment approach for your individual needs. Consult with a dermatology provider for personalized advice and treatment options to get on the right path towards beautiful, blemish-free skin. 




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